Mental Disorder: An Insight

Mental disorders are usually associated with the abnormal functioning of a human brain due to complexities arisen in brain circuits. It is an outcome of the complex role of genetics which play an important role during the developmental process of the brain. Mental disorders are of different types. Mental disorder due to anxiety or fear of something (phobia, anxiety disorder), mental disorder due to mood i.e. prolonged sadness (depression), mental disorder due to wrong perception of things all around (schizophrenia) or mental disorder due to abnormal behavior and thoughts (maladaptive disorder). Insomnia, Anorexia, Gender dysphoria and paraphilia are also associated mental disorders.

Causes of mental disorders are yet to be identified correctly as there is no rigid or consistent source of the problem. A common census among psychiatrics is that the disorder arises due to the vulnerabilities in genes during the development of brain and the behavior subjected to a child during his developmental years. Experts believe that children who are subjected to any form of abuse stand a substantial chance to develop a mental disorder when they grow up. Female child abuse is one the reasons for eating disorders and personality disorder among adult women.

Symptoms of a mental disorder are often hard to trace. They are usually revealed during the consultations with the family doctors or psychiatrists. It becomes very necessary to know the patient very closely before attempting to cure his problem. Wrong assessment of the situation may worsen the problem.

Mental disorder can be avoided just by being supportive to your child or to the patient suffering from the problem. A prolonged feeling of inferiority, criticism, tension and social rejection lead to this problem. Hence being supportive enough helps keep the problem at bay. People who are subjected to such kind of behavior tend to develop some form of mental disorder.

Treatment for mental disorders is provided in mental hospitals, recovery and counseling centers and psychiatric clinics. These institutions help in curing the problem over a period of time by helping the individual find a meaning to life and to help them regain their self confidence and dignity. Psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapies are provided to achieve the purpose.

Several medications are also provided for severe cases. Antidepressants are given for depression cases and Anxiolytics are recommended for persons having anxiety related disorders. In even more severe cases, these medications fail to have an impact on the patient. Then Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is provided to patients having acute depression. Some Neurologists argue that Psychosurgery can help cure the problem but this process is in experimental stage and the risks involved are very high.

Till date the best cure is professional counseling through a psychiatrist as well as peer counseling through the friends and relatives of the patient as it is often difficult for the patient to open his mind in front of a stranger psychiatrist.

Mental Disorders – An Overview

A healthy person should not only have a healthy body but a healthy mind as well. A healthy mind which is capable of thinking clearly, solving different problems faced in life and enjoy good relations with family and friends. A mental illness is a disease which affects the thought process and emotions of a person so severely that it alters the beliefs and personality in a person.  A mental illness can affect anyone and it is estimated that one in five of all adults will experience a mental health problem in their lifetime.

There are several factors which can lead a person to mental illness. Some people cannot deal properly with the stressful events of the life such as death of a loved one, unemployment, loneliness. These people are at high risk of developing mental disorders. No definite cause has yet been identified for many mental illnesses. However, there is evidence that mental disorders are caused by change in brain chemicals such as neurotransmitters. Heredity is an important factor in mental disorders but chances of children getting mental illness because of parents are very less due to different environmental conditions.

Depression and anxiety are the most common mental disorders. A person having depression tends to feel sad, loses interests in daily activities and feels tense and nervous. If these symptoms continue to affect a person for more than two weeks, it can lead to serious mental health problems. Symptoms associated with severe mental illness are agitation, restlessness and irritable mood. A person with severe mental illness can also suffer from hallucinations.

According to psychiatrists, it is very difficult to completely prevent mental disorders. The best way is to manage stress efficiently and finding healthier way to cope up with stress. One should avoid activities that increase their level of tension.

It is a well known fact that people who had an unhappy childhood due to violence, abuse and emotional neglect are more prone to suffer from mental disorders such as depression later in the life. Brain infections, head injuries are also a reason for mental illness in many cases. Certain physical illness and medications can also cause depression and delirium.

In ancient times, people with mental illness were chained and locked up in mental asylums and were mostly treated in a degrading manner. Today also many people think that mental illness is untreatable. The truth however is very different as successful treatment is possible in most of the cases. The treatment of mental illness is done mainly through counseling and medication.

There are different approaches to cure mental illness. Most common approach is to treat the physical symptoms such as lack of sleep and tiredness but this approach is not very useful in the long run. Severe mental illness such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder however require medications for the treatment. Counseling is the other approach for the treatment of mental illness. Counseling is based on a psychological theory that explains the reason for the mental illness and seeks the solutions for it.

Mental Disorder: Causes And Cure

Mental Disorder is an abnormal condition which changes the behavior and action of individual suffering from it. Mental Disorders are looked over as disorders of different sections of brain. Causes for Mental Disorders are both environmental and genetic. There are different classifications of Mental Disorders like those of International Classification Of Diseases, World Health Organisation, American Psychiatric Association, etc.

Mental disorders can be categorized and distributed widely including problems of anxiety, phobias, obsession, depression, and panic. Gender identity disorders, Personality disorders as well as Hallucinatory disorders also included in Mental Disorders.

There is no general agreement about a single cause for Mental disorders.  Generally a combination of the environment in which an individual lives, especially during childhood, causes most of the mental illnesses. Child neglect and sexual abuse at early age could severely affect the thinking pattern which could cause abnormality in the activities of the individual. However, all mental disorders are not based on social causes; there are also medical causes for such disorders. In some cases this abnormality is by birth. The main reason for such birth problems could be genetic malfunctioning, intake of drugs by mother during gestation period.

A person may not have a proper neurotransmission system which could affect individual to respond abnormally during pain and may posses a weak reflex system. This may be due to different sizes and functioning different sections of brain.

There are different symptoms for different disorders accordingly. As in case of anxiety a person may not have a proper sleep or could indulge in talking alone. Similarly anxiety of fear could provoke a person to flee. In many cases a person would tremble, shake, sweat and show a higher pulse rate. Individuals suffering from childhood abuses would lack in normal actions and would show cheerlessness as well as hopelessness. This may be caused by poor child hood care or due to molestation. In child abuse cases a person would show hatred towards a particular sex, suspicion and may even instigate him/her to commit suicide. People affected from schizophrenia may suffer from problems of visual as well as auditory hallucinations.

A person can avoid depression by living in a real world and dealing with problems in pieces so that the stress doesn’t superimpose the normal functioning of the brain. Small disorders could be treated by counseling and taking rest. In other cases treatment is grouped into somatic and psychotherapeutic.

Psychotherapeutic ways include counseling by psychiatrists and people around individual. Somatic ways include medication which is carried out by giving anti-depressant pills like fluoxetin and citalopram. Haloperidol may be used for schizophrenia problem. Somatic treatments also include Electro Convulsive Therapy, which is given in very severe cases. In this therapy a series of electrical shocks are given to the brain. ECT has been proved to be efficient and no problems such as memory loss arise. Contrary to the general belief ECT is a safe therapy.

All That You Need To Know About Mental Disorders

Mental health refers to one’s cognitive or emotional well-being, dealing with how we think, behave and feel. A person may be considered mentally healthy if he isn’t suffering from any mental disorder. Your mental health can influence your quality of life, relationships and even physical health. The USA has the highest incidence of mental health disorder in the developed world.

According to the World Health Organization, mental health is “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”. Thus, WHO stresses upon that it isn’t merely the absence of mental disorders that constitutes mental health.

A mental disorder/illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern that is found to emerge in an individual, causing distress or disability. The most common forms of mental illness are: anxiety disorders (panic disorders, phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, post traumatic stress etc.), mood disorders (depression, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia), schizophrenia disorders. These are the most common but not necessarily the most lethal. The most serious mental disorders are Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. These tend to have symptoms that come and go, meaning the person can lead a normal life between episodes of illness.

Although the exact cause of most mental illnesses is not known, research has found that many of these conditions are caused as a result of certain physiological, biological and environmental factors. The biological factors include genetics (heredity), infections, brain injury, parental damage etc. Psychological factors include severe trauma, inability to relate to others, early loss of parent, neglect etc. Environmental factors consist of certain triggers that can cause mental illness.  Some of them are poverty, death, divorce, dysfunctional family, low self-esteem, loneliness etc.

Some of the common symptoms of mental disorders are: drug abuse, inability to cope with daily problems and activities, changes in sleeping and/or eating habits, frequent physical illness, negative thoughts, loss of appetite, defying authority, stealing or damaging property, outbursts of anger, drop in performance in workplace, excessive worrying or anxiety, hyperactivity, regular nightmares, hallucinations etc.

Mental illness can occur to anyone and but there are treatments available for most of these disorders. However it’s found that a treatment that works for individual may not work for another. Simple lifestyle changes like cutting alcohol consumption, better diet, regular exercise, adequate rest etc can go a long way in improving one’s mental health. Studies show that exercise helps reduce schizophrenia symptoms, improves self-esteem, and relieves depression. Fatty acids present in our food are the building materials for neurons in the brains. A new study has found that a moderate consumption of alcohol may aid mental health in some cases. However problems with alcohol abuse cause a higher risk of depression.

Medical illness requires treatment since it has far reaching consequences for the individual as well as society. The economic cost of untreated mental illness is estimated at 100 billion dollars per year in USA. The most important treatment options are psychotherapy, skills programs and psychiatric medication. This involves special schools, hospitals, residential arrangements or community clinics. Most people suffering from mental illness can get relieved by participating in an individual treatment plan.